Dragino LSN50 LoRA Sensor Node

Overview

The Dragino LSN50 LoRA Sensor Node for IoT allows users to develop applications with LoraWAN connectivity via the HopeRF / SX1276/SX1278. Dragino LSN50 enables a wide diversity of applications by exploiting low-power communication, ARM® Cortex®-M0 core-based STM32L0 Series features.

This kit provides:

  • STM32L072CZ MCU

  • SX1276/SX1278 LoRa Transceiver

  • Expansion connectors:

    • PMOD
  • Li/SOCI2 Unchargable Battery

  • GPIOs exposed via screw terminals on the carrier board

  • Housing

Dragino LSN50

More information about the board can be found at the Dragino LSN50 website.

Hardware

The STM32L072CZ SoC provides the following hardware IPs:

  • Ultra-low-power (down to 0.29 µA Standby mode and 93 uA/MHz run mode)

  • Core: ARM® 32-bit Cortex®-M0+ CPU, frequency up to 32 MHz

  • Clock Sources:

    • 1 to 32 MHz crystal oscillator
    • 32 kHz crystal oscillator for RTC (LSE)
    • Internal 16 MHz factory-trimmed RC ( ±1%)
    • Internal low-power 37 kHz RC ( ±5%)
    • Internal multispeed low-power 65 kHz to 4.2 MHz RC
  • RTC with HW calendar, alarms and calibration

  • Up to 24 capacitive sensing channels: support touchkey, linear and rotary touch sensors

  • 11x timers:

    • 2x 16-bit with up to 4 channels
    • 2x 16-bit with up to 2 channels
    • 1x 16-bit ultra-low-power timer
    • 1x SysTick
    • 1x RTC
    • 2x 16-bit basic for DAC
    • 2x watchdogs (independent/window)
  • Up to 84 fast I/Os, most 5 V-tolerant.

  • Memories

    • Up to 192 KB Flash, 2 banks read-while-write, proprietary code readout protection
    • Up to 20 KB of SRAM
    • External memory interface for static memories supporting SRAM, PSRAM, NOR and NAND memories
  • Rich analog peripherals (independent supply)

    • 1x 12-bit ADC 1.14 MSPS
    • 2x 12-bit DAC
    • 2x ultra-low-power comparators
  • 11x communication interfaces

    • USB OTG 2.0 full-speed, LPM and BCD
    • 3x I2C FM+(1 Mbit/s), SMBus/PMBus
    • 4x USARTs (ISO 7816, LIN, IrDA, modem)
    • 6x SPIs (4x SPIs with the Quad SPI)
  • 7-channel DMA controller

  • True random number generator

  • CRC calculation unit, 96-bit unique ID

  • Development support: serial wire debug (SWD), JTAG, Embedded Trace Macrocell™

More information about STM32L072CZ can be found here:

Supported Features

The Zephyr Dragino LSN50 Board board configuration supports the following hardware features:

Interface Controller Driver/Component
UART on-chip serial port-polling; serial port-interrupt
PINMUX on-chip pinmux
GPIO on-chip gpio

Other hardware features are not yet supported on this Zephyr port.

The default configuration can be found in the defconfig file:

boards/arm/dragino_lsn50/dragino_lsn50_defconfig

Connections and IOs

Dragino LSN50 Board has GPIO controllers. These controllers are responsible for pin muxing, input/output, pull-up, etc.

Available pins:

For detailed information about available pins please refer to Dragino LSN50 website.

Default Zephyr Peripheral Mapping:

  • UART_1_TX : PB6
  • UART_1_RX : PB7
  • UART_2_TX : PA2
  • UART_2_RX : PA3

System Clock

Dragino LSN50 System Clock is at 32mhz,

Serial Port

Dragino LSN50 board has 2 U(S)ARTs. The Zephyr console output is assigned to UART1. Default settings are 115200 8N1.

Programming and Debugging

Applications for the dragino_lsn50 board configuration can be built and flashed in the usual way (see Build an Application and Run an Application for more details).

Flashing

Dragino LSN50 board requires an external debugger.

Flashing an application to Dragino LSN50

Here is an example for the Hello World application.

Connect the Dragino LSN50 to a STLinkV2 to your host computer using the USB port, then run a serial host program to connect with your board. For example:

$ minicom -D /dev/ttyACM0

Then build and flash the application:

# On Linux/macOS
cd $ZEPHYR_BASE/samples/hello_world
mkdir build && cd build

# On Windows
cd %ZEPHYR_BASE%\samples\hello_world
mkdir build & cd build

# Use cmake to configure a Ninja-based build system:
cmake -GNinja -DBOARD=dragino_lsn50 ..

# Now run ninja on the generated build system:
ninja
ninja flash

You should see the following message on the console:

$ Hello World! arm

Debugging

You can debug an application in the usual way. Here is an example for the Hello World application.

# On Linux/macOS
cd $ZEPHYR_BASE/samples/hello_world
# If you already made a build directory (build) and ran cmake, just 'cd build' instead.
mkdir build && cd build

# On Windows
cd %ZEPHYR_BASE%\samples\hello_world
# If you already made a build directory (build) and ran cmake, just 'cd build' instead.
mkdir build & cd build

# Use cmake to configure a Ninja-based build system:
cmake -GNinja -DBOARD=dragino_lsn50 ..

# Now run ninja on the generated build system:
ninja debug