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Actinius Icarus SoM DK

Overview

Icarus SoM DK

Fig. 77 Icarus SoM Development Kit (nRF9160)

The Icarus SoM DK is a single board development kit for evaluation and development on the Icarus SoM (Icarus SoM Docs 4). The Icarus SoM features the nRF9160 SiP from Nordic Semiconductor, a low-power 3-axis accelerometer and an on-board eSIM. The development kit provides interfacing to the SoM through USB-C, a set of user LEDs, a reset and a user button, a battery charging port, and a external nano SIM connector. The board is also Arduino Uno Rev3 compatible which makes using external shields possible.

The main uController is the Nordic Semiconductor nRF9160, with ARM Cortex-M33F CPU, ARMv8-M Security Extension and the following devices (provided directly by Nordic):

  • ADC

  • CLOCK

  • FLASH

  • GPIO

  • I2C

  • MPU

  • NVIC

  • PWM

  • RTC

  • Segger RTT (RTT Console)

  • SPI

  • UARTE

  • WDT

  • IDAU

Icarus SoM DK Block Diagram

Fig. 78 Icarus SoM DK Block Diagram

Hardware

The detailed information about the on-board hardware can be found at the Icarus SoM Product Website 2 and the Icarus SoM DK Product Website 3.

Pin description

External Pins available to user:

#

Label

Description

Device-tree node

1

NC

Not Connected

2

IOREF

I/O reference, connected to 3.3V

3

RST

Reset of the nRF9160

4

3.3V

3.3V Power output

5

4.4V

Power output between Vbat and 4.4V

6

GND

Ground pin

7

GND

Ground pin

8

VIN

Power input pin (4.35V to 10.5V)

9

A2

AIN2 / nRF9160 P0.15

gpio0

10

A3

AIN3 / nRF9160 P0.16

gpio0

11

A4

AIN4 / nRF9160 P0.17

gpio0

12

A5

AIN5 / nRF9160 P0.18

gpio0

13

A6

AIN6 / nRF9160 P0.19

gpio0

14

A7

AIN7 / nRF9160 P0.20

gpio0

15

P4

nRF9160 P0.04

gpio0

16

P5

nRF9160 P0.05

gpio0

17

P2

nRF9160 P0.02

gpio0

18

P1

nRF9160 P0.01

gpio0

19

P23

nRF9160 P0.23

gpio0

20

P0

nRF9160 P0.00

gpio0

21

P26

nRF9160 P0.26

gpio0

22

P27

nRF9160 P0.27

gpio0

23

P30

nRF9160 P0.30

gpio0

24

P31

nRF9160 P0.31

gpio0

25

P7

nRF9160 P0.07

gpio0

26

P13

nRF9160 P0.13 or NC (Jumper-dependent) | gpio0

27

P14

nRF9160 P0.14 or NC (Jumper-dependent) | gpio0

28

P3

nRF9160 P0.03

gpio0

29

GND

Ground pin

30

AREF

NC or AIN1 (Jumper-dependent)

gpio0

31

SDA

I2C SDA pin

i2c2

32

SCL

I2C SCL pin

i2c2

TS

Pin for optional battery thermistor

CHG

Pin for battery charging indication

CE

Pin for enabling/disabling charging

nRF9160 pins connected internally:

nRF9160 pin

Function

Device-tree node

P0.03

Blue LED

led0 / pwm-led0

P0.08

NeoPixel RGB LED

spi1

P0.12

SIM select pin

gpio0

P0.23

Connected to the user button

gpio0 / button0

P0.24

SPI NOR Flash chip select

gpio0 / spi3

P0.28

Accelerometer Interrupt 2

lis2dh12-accel

P0.29

Accelerometer Interrupt 1

lis2dh12-accel

Supported Features

The actinius_icarus_som_dk board configuration supports the following hardware features:

Interface

Controller

Driver/Component

ADC

on-chip

adc

CLOCK

on-chip

clock_control

FLASH

on-chip

flash

GPIO

on-chip

gpio

I2C(M)

on-chip

i2c

MPU

on-chip

arch/arm

NVIC

on-chip

arch/arm

PWM

on-chip

pwm

SPI(M/S)

on-chip

spi

SPU

on-chip

system protection

UARTE

on-chip

serial

ACCEL

st

lis2dh

SIM selection

The sim choice (eSIM or nano-SIM) can be configured in Devicetree by adjusting the sim property in the sim_select node.

Security components

  • Implementation Defined Attribution Unit (IDAU 1). The IDAU is implemented with the System Protection Unit and is used to define secure and non-secure memory maps. By default, all of the memory space (Flash, SRAM, and peripheral address space) is defined to be secure accessible only.

  • Secure boot.

Building Secure/Non-Secure Zephyr applications

The process requires the following steps:

  1. Build the Secure Zephyr application using -DBOARD=actinius_icarus_som_dk.

  2. Build the Non-Secure Zephyr application using -DBOARD=actinius_icarus_som_dk_ns.

  3. Merge the two binaries together.

If you are using Segger Embedded Studio v4.18 or later, the two binaries are built, merged, and burned automatically, unless you have disabled the feature.

When building a Secure/Non-Secure application, the Secure application will have to set the IDAU (SPU) configuration to allow Non-Secure access to all CPU resources utilized by the Non-Secure application firmware. SPU configuration shall take place before jumping to the Non-Secure application.

More information can be found in the Icarus SoM Product Website 2, the Icarus SoM DK Product Website 3 or the Actinius Documentation Portal 5.

References

1

https://developer.arm.com/docs/100690/latest/attribution-units-sau-and-idau

2(1,2)

https://www.actinius.com/icarus-som

3(1,2)

https://www.actinius.com/icarus-som-dk

4

https://docs.actinius.com/icarus-som/introduction

5

https://docs.actinius.com