ST Disco L475 IOT01 (B-L475E-IOT01A)

Overview

The B-L475E-IOT01A Discovery kit for IoT node allows users to develop applications with direct connection to cloud servers. The Discovery kit enables a wide diversity of applications by exploiting low-power communication, multiway sensing and ARM® Cortex®-M4 core-based STM32L4 Series features.

This kit provides:

  • 64-Mbit Quad-SPI (Macronix) Flash memory
  • Bluetooth® V4.1 module (SPBTLE-RF)
  • Sub-GHz (868 or 915 MHz) low-power-programmable RF module (SPSGRF-868 or SPSGRF-915)
  • Wi-Fi® module Inventek ISM43362-M3G-L44 (802.11 b/g/n compliant)
  • Dynamic NFC tag based on M24SR with its printed NFC antenna
  • 2 digital omni-directional microphones (MP34DT01)
  • Capacitive digital sensor for relative humidity and temperature (HTS221)
  • High-performance 3-axis magnetometer (LIS3MDL)
  • 3D accelerometer and 3D gyroscope (LSM6DSL)
  • 260-1260 hPa absolute digital output barometer (LPS22HB)
  • Time-of-Flight and gesture-detection sensor (VL53L0X)
  • 2 push-buttons (user and reset)
  • USB OTG FS with Micro-AB connector
  • Expansion connectors:
    • Arduino™ Uno V3
    • PMOD
  • Flexible power-supply options:
    • ST LINK USB VBUS or external sources
  • On-board ST-LINK/V2-1 debugger/programmer with USB re-enumeration capability:
    • mass storage, virtual COM port and debug port
Disco L475 IoT1

More information about the board can be found at the Disco L475 IoT1 website.

Hardware

The STM32L475RG SoC provides the following hardware IPs:

  • Ultra-low-power with FlexPowerControl (down to 130 nA Standby mode and 100 uA/MHz run mode)
  • Core: ARM® 32-bit Cortex®-M4 CPU with FPU, frequency up to 80 MHz, 100DMIPS/1.25DMIPS/MHz (Dhrystone 2.1)
  • Clock Sources:
    • 4 to 48 MHz crystal oscillator
    • 32 kHz crystal oscillator for RTC (LSE)
    • Internal 16 MHz factory-trimmed RC ( ±1%)
    • Internal low-power 32 kHz RC ( ±5%)
    • Internal multispeed 100 kHz to 48 MHz oscillator, auto-trimmed by LSE (better than ±0.25 % accuracy)
    • 3 PLLs for system clock, USB, audio, ADC
  • RTC with HW calendar, alarms and calibration
  • Up to 24 capacitive sensing channels: support touchkey, linear and rotary touch sensors
  • 16x timers:
    • 2x 16-bit advanced motor-control
    • 2x 32-bit and 5x 16-bit general purpose
    • 2x 16-bit basic
    • 2x low-power 16-bit timers (available in Stop mode)
    • 2x watchdogs
    • SysTick timer
  • Up to 114 fast I/Os, most 5 V-tolerant, up to 14 I/Os with independent supply down to 1.08 V
  • Memories
    • Up to 1 MB Flash, 2 banks read-while-write, proprietary code readout protection
    • Up to 128 KB of SRAM including 32 KB with hardware parity check
    • External memory interface for static memories supporting SRAM, PSRAM, NOR and NAND memories
    • Quad SPI memory interface
  • 4x digital filters for sigma delta modulator
  • Rich analog peripherals (independent supply)
    • 3x 12-bit ADC 5 MSPS, up to 16-bit with hardware oversampling, 200 uA/MSPS
    • 2x 12-bit DAC, low-power sample and hold
    • 2x operational amplifiers with built-in PGA
    • 2x ultra-low-power comparators
  • 18x communication interfaces
    • USB OTG 2.0 full-speed, LPM and BCD
    • 2x SAIs (serial audio interface)
    • 3x I2C FM+(1 Mbit/s), SMBus/PMBus
    • 6x USARTs (ISO 7816, LIN, IrDA, modem)
    • 3x SPIs (4x SPIs with the Quad SPI)
    • CAN (2.0B Active) and SDMMC interface
    • SWPMI single wire protocol master I/F
  • 14-channel DMA controller
  • True random number generator
  • CRC calculation unit, 96-bit unique ID
  • Development support: serial wire debug (SWD), JTAG, Embedded Trace Macrocell™
More information about STM32L476RG can be found here:

Supported Features

The Zephyr Disco L475 IoT board configuration supports the following hardware features:

Interface Controller Driver/Component
NVIC on-chip nested vector interrupt controller
UART on-chip serial port-polling; serial port-interrupt
PINMUX on-chip pinmux
GPIO on-chip gpio
I2C on-chip i2c
SPI on-chip spi
PWM on-chip pwm

Other hardware features are not yet supported on this Zephyr port.

The default configuration can be found in the defconfig file:

boards/arm/disco_l475_iot1/disco_l475_iot1_defconfig

Connections and IOs

Disco L475 IoT Board has 8 GPIO controllers. These controllers are responsible for pin muxing, input/output, pull-up, etc.

Available pins:

For detailed information about available pins please refer to STM32 Disco L475 IoT1 board User Manual.

Default Zephyr Peripheral Mapping:

  • UART_1 TX/RX : PB6/PB7 (ST-Link Virtual Port Com)
  • UART_4 TX/RX : PA0/PA1 (Arduino Serial)
  • I2C1 SCL/SDA : PB8/PB9 (Arduino I2C)
  • I2C2 SCL/SDA : PB10/PB11 (Sensor I2C bus)
  • SPI1 SCK/MISO/MOSI : PA5/PA6/PA7 (Arduino SPI)
  • SPI3 SCK/MISO/MOSI : PC10/PC11/PC12 (BT SPI bus)
  • PWM_2_CH1 : PA15
  • USER_PB : PC13
  • LD2 : PA5

System Clock

Disco L475 IoT System Clock could be driven by internal or external oscillator, as well as main PLL clock. By default System clock is driven by PLL clock at 80MHz, driven by 16MHz high speed internal oscillator.

Serial Port

Disco L475 IoT board has 6 U(S)ARTs. The Zephyr console output is assigned to UART1. Default settings are 115200 8N1.

Programming and Debugging

Applications for the disco_l475_iot1 board configuration can be built and flashed in the usual way (see Build an Application and Run an Application for more details).

Flashing

Disco L475 IoT board includes an ST-LINK/V2-1 embedded debug tool interface. This interface is supported by the openocd version included in the Zephyr SDK since v0.9.2.

Flashing an application to Disco L475 IoT

Here is an example for the Hello World application.

Connect the Disco L475 IoT to your host computer using the USB port, then run a serial host program to connect with your Nucleo board. For example:

$ minicom -D /dev/ttyACM0

Then build and flash the application:

# On Linux/macOS
cd $ZEPHYR_BASE/samples/hello_world
mkdir build && cd build

# On Windows
cd %ZEPHYR_BASE%\samples\hello_world
mkdir build & cd build


# Use cmake to configure a Ninja-based build system:
cmake -GNinja -DBOARD=disco_l475_iot1 ..

# Now run ninja on the generated build system:
ninja
ninja flash

You should see the following message on the console:

$ Hello World! arm

Debugging

You can debug an application in the usual way. Here is an example for the Hello World application.

# On Linux/macOS
cd $ZEPHYR_BASE/samples/hello_world
# If you already made a build directory (build) and ran cmake, just 'cd build' instead.
mkdir build && cd build

# On Windows
cd %ZEPHYR_BASE%\samples\hello_world
# If you already made a build directory (build) and ran cmake, just 'cd build' instead.
mkdir build & cd build

# If you already made a build directory (build) and ran cmake, just 'cd build' instead.

# Use cmake to configure a Ninja-based build system:
cmake -GNinja -DBOARD=disco_l475_iot1 ..

# Now run ninja on the generated build system:
ninja debug