Dragino LSN50 LoRA Sensor Node¶
The Dragino LSN50 LoRA Sensor Node for IoT allows users to develop applications with LoraWAN connectivity via the HopeRF / SX1276/SX1278. Dragino LSN50 enables a wide diversity of applications by exploiting low-power communication, ARM® Cortex®-M0 core-based STM32L0 Series features.
This kit provides:
SX1276/SX1278 LoRa Transceiver
Li/SOCI2 Unchargable Battery
GPIOs exposed via screw terminals on the carrier board
More information about the board can be found at the Dragino LSN50 website.
The STM32L072CZ SoC provides the following hardware IPs:
Ultra-low-power (down to 0.29 µA Standby mode and 93 uA/MHz run mode)
Core: ARM® 32-bit Cortex®-M0+ CPU, frequency up to 32 MHz
- 1 to 32 MHz crystal oscillator
- 32 kHz crystal oscillator for RTC (LSE)
- Internal 16 MHz factory-trimmed RC ( ±1%)
- Internal low-power 37 kHz RC ( ±5%)
- Internal multispeed low-power 65 kHz to 4.2 MHz RC
RTC with HW calendar, alarms and calibration
Up to 24 capacitive sensing channels: support touchkey, linear and rotary touch sensors
- 2x 16-bit with up to 4 channels
- 2x 16-bit with up to 2 channels
- 1x 16-bit ultra-low-power timer
- 1x SysTick
- 1x RTC
- 2x 16-bit basic for DAC
- 2x watchdogs (independent/window)
Up to 84 fast I/Os, most 5 V-tolerant.
- Up to 192 KB Flash, 2 banks read-while-write, proprietary code readout protection
- Up to 20 KB of SRAM
- External memory interface for static memories supporting SRAM, PSRAM, NOR and NAND memories
Rich analog peripherals (independent supply)
- 1x 12-bit ADC 1.14 MSPS
- 2x 12-bit DAC
- 2x ultra-low-power comparators
11x communication interfaces
- USB OTG 2.0 full-speed, LPM and BCD
- 3x I2C FM+(1 Mbit/s), SMBus/PMBus
- 4x USARTs (ISO 7816, LIN, IrDA, modem)
- 6x SPIs (4x SPIs with the Quad SPI)
7-channel DMA controller
True random number generator
CRC calculation unit, 96-bit unique ID
Development support: serial wire debug (SWD), JTAG, Embedded Trace Macrocell™
More information about STM32L072CZ can be found here:
The Zephyr Dragino LSN50 Board board configuration supports the following hardware features:
|UART||on-chip||serial port-polling; serial port-interrupt|
Other hardware features are not yet supported on this Zephyr port.
The default configuration can be found in the defconfig file:
Connections and IOs¶
Dragino LSN50 Board has GPIO controllers. These controllers are responsible for pin muxing, input/output, pull-up, etc.
For detailed information about available pins please refer to Dragino LSN50 website.
Default Zephyr Peripheral Mapping:¶
- UART_1_TX : PB6
- UART_1_RX : PB7
- UART_2_TX : PA2
- UART_2_RX : PA3
Dragino LSN50 System Clock is at 32mhz,
Dragino LSN50 board has 2 U(S)ARTs. The Zephyr console output is assigned to UART1. Default settings are 115200 8N1.
Programming and Debugging¶
Dragino LSN50 board requires an external debugger.
Flashing an application to Dragino LSN50¶
Here is an example for the Hello World application.
Connect the Dragino LSN50 to a STLinkV2 to your host computer using the USB port, then run a serial host program to connect with your board. For example:
$ minicom -D /dev/ttyACM0
Then build and flash the application:
# On Linux/macOS cd $ZEPHYR_BASE/samples/hello_world mkdir build && cd build # On Windows cd %ZEPHYR_BASE%\samples\hello_world mkdir build & cd build # Use cmake to configure a Ninja-based build system: cmake -GNinja -DBOARD=dragino_lsn50 .. # Now run ninja on the generated build system: ninja ninja flash
You should see the following message on the console:
$ Hello World! arm
You can debug an application in the usual way. Here is an example for the Hello World application.
# On Linux/macOS cd $ZEPHYR_BASE/samples/hello_world # If you already made a build directory (build) and ran cmake, just 'cd build' instead. mkdir build && cd build # On Windows cd %ZEPHYR_BASE%\samples\hello_world # If you already made a build directory (build) and ran cmake, just 'cd build' instead. mkdir build & cd build # If you already made a build directory (build) and ran cmake, just 'cd build' instead. # Use cmake to configure a Ninja-based build system: cmake -GNinja -DBOARD=dragino_lsn50 .. # Now run ninja on the generated build system: ninja debug