nRF52840-PCA10059

Overview

The nRF52840 PCA10059 (USB Dongle) hardware provides support for the Nordic Semiconductor nRF52840 ARM Cortex-M4F CPU and the following devices:

  • ADC
  • CLOCK
  • FLASH
  • GPIO
  • I2C
  • MPU
  • NVIC
  • PWM
  • RADIO (Bluetooth Low Energy and 802.15.4)
  • RTC
  • SPI
  • UART
  • USB
  • WDT
nRF52840 Dongle

nRF52840 PCA10059

More information about the board can be found at the nRF52840 Dongle website [1]. The Nordic Semiconductor Documentation library [2] contains the processor’s information and the datasheet.

Hardware

The nrf52840_pca10059 has two external oscillators. The frequency of the slow clock is 32.768 kHz. The frequency of the main clock is 32 MHz.

Supported Features

The nrf52840_pca10059 board configuration supports the following hardware features:

Interface Controller Driver/Component
ADC on-chip adc
CLOCK on-chip clock_control
FLASH on-chip flash
GPIO on-chip gpio
I2C(M) on-chip i2c
MPU on-chip arch/arm
NVIC on-chip arch/arm
PWM on-chip pwm
RADIO on-chip Bluetooth, ieee802154
RTC on-chip system clock
SPI(M/S) on-chip spi
UART on-chip serial
USB on-chip usb
WDT on-chip watchdog

Other hardware features are not supported by the Zephyr kernel. See nRF52840 Dongle website [1] and Nordic Semiconductor Documentation library [2] for a complete list of nRF52840 PCA10059 Development Kit board hardware features.

Connections and IOs

LED

  • LED0 (green) = P0.6
  • LED1 (red) = P0.8
  • LED1 (green) = P1.9
  • LED1 (blue) = P0.12

Push buttons

  • BUTTON1 = SW1 = P1.6
  • RESET = SW2 = P0.18

Programming and Debugging

Applications for the nrf52840_pca10059 board configuration can be built in the usual way (see Build an Application for more details).

Flashing

The board supports the following programming options:

  1. Using the built-in bootloader only
  2. Using MCUboot in serial recovery mode
  3. Using an external debug probe

These instructions use the west tool and assume you are in the root directory of your west installation.

Option 1: Using the Built-In Bootloader Only

The board is factory-programmed with Nordic’s bootloader from Nordic’s nRF5 SDK. With this option, you’ll use Nordic’s nrfutil [4] program to create firmware packages supported by this bootloader and flash them to the device. Make sure nrfutil is installed before proceeding.

  1. Reset the board into the Nordic bootloader by pressing the RESET button.

    The push button is on the far side of the board from the USB connector. Note that the button does not face up. You will have to push it from the outside in, towards the USB connector:

    Location of RESET button and direction of push

    The red LED should start a fade pattern, signalling the bootloader is running.

  2. Compile a Zephyr application; we’ll use blinky.

    west build -b nrf52840_pca10059 zephyr/samples/basic/blinky
    
  3. Package the application for the bootloader using nrfutil:

    nrfutil pkg generate --hw-version 52 --sd-req=0x00 \
            --application build/zephyr/zephyr.hex \
            --application-version 1 blinky.zip
    
  4. Flash it onto the board. Note /dev/ttyACM0 is for Linux; it will be something like COMx on Windows, and something else on macOS.

    nrfutil dfu usb-serial -pkg blinky.zip -p /dev/ttyACM0
    

    When this command exits, observe the green LED on the board blinking, instead of the red LED used by the bootloader.

For more information, see Nordic Semiconductor USB DFU [3].

Option 2: Using MCUboot in Serial Recovery Mode

It is also possible to use the MCUboot bootloader with this board to flash Zephyr applications. You need to do some one-time set-up to build and flash MCUboot on your board. From that point on, you can build and flash other Zephyr applications using MCUboot’s serial recovery mode. This process does not overwrite the built-in Nordic bootloader, so you can always go back to using Option 1 later.

Install nrfutil [4] and mcumgr [6] first, and make sure MCUboot’s imgtool is available for signing your binary for MCUboot as described on Signing Binaries.

Next, do the one-time setup to flash MCUboot. We’ll assume you’ve cloned the MCUboot [5] repository into the directory mcuboot, and that it is next to the zephyr repository on your computer.

  1. Reset the board into the Nordic bootloader as described above.

  2. Compile MCUboot as a Zephyr application.

    west build -b nrf52840_pca10059 -d build/mcuboot mcuboot/boot/zephyr
    
  3. Package the application for the bootloader using nrfutil:

    nrfutil pkg generate --hw-version 52 --sd-req=0x00 \
            --application build/mcuboot/zephyr/zephyr.hex \
            --application-version 1 mcuboot.zip
    
  4. Flash it onto the board. Note /dev/ttyACM0 is for Linux; it will be something like COMx on Windows, and something else on macOS.

    nrfutil dfu usb-serial -pkg mcuboot.zip -p /dev/ttyACM0
    

You can now flash a Zephyr application to the board using MCUboot’s serial recovery mode. We’ll use the SMP Server Sample since it’s ready to be compiled for chain-loading by MCUboot (and itself supports firmware updates over Bluetooth).

  1. Boot into MCUboot serial recovery mode by plugging the board in with the SW1 button pressed down. See above for a picture showing where SW1 is.

    Do not press RESET; that will run the Nordic bootloader, which is different than MCUboot.

    A serial port will enumerate on your board. On Windows, “MCUBOOT” should appear under “Other Devices” in the Device Manager (in addition to the usual COMx device). On Linux, something like /dev/serial/by-id/usb-ZEPHYR_MCUBOOT_0.01-if00 should be created.

    If no serial port appears, try plugging it in again, making sure SW1 is pressed. If it still doesn’t appear, retry the one-time MCUboot setup.

  2. Compile smp_svr.

    west build -b nrf52840_pca10059 -d build/smp_svr zephyr/samples/subsys/mgmt/mcumgr/smp_svr
    
  3. Sign smp_svr for chain-loading by MCUboot.

    west sign -t imgtool --bin --no-hex -d build/smp_svr \
              -B smp_svr.signed.bin -- --key mcuboot/root-rsa-2048.pem
    
  4. Flash the application to the MCUboot serial port using mcumgr:

    mcumgr --conntype=serial --connstring='dev=/dev/ttyACM0,baud=115200' \
           image upload -e smp_svr.signed.bin
    
  5. Reset the device:

    mcumgr --conntype=serial --connstring='dev=/dev/ttyACM0,baud=115200' reset
    

You should now be able to scan for Bluetooth devices using a smartphone or computer. The device you just flashed will be listed with Zephyr in its name.

Note

This board supports building other Zephyr applications for flashing with MCUboot in this way also. Just make sure CONFIG_BOOTLOADER_MCUBOOT is set when building your application. For example, to compile blinky for loading by MCUboot, use this:

west build -b nrf52840_pca10059 -d build/blinky zephyr/samples/basic/blinky -- -DCONFIG_BOOTLOADER_MCUBOOT=y

You can then sign and flash it using the steps above.

Option 3: Using an External Debug Probe

If you have one, you can also use an external debug probe to flash and debug Zephyr applications, but you need to solder an SWD header onto the back side of the board.

For Segger J-Link debug probes, follow the instructions in the Nordic nRF5x Segger J-Link page to install and configure all the necessary software. Further information can be found in Flashing.

Locate the DTS file for the board under: boards/arm/nrf52840_pca10059. This file requires a small modification to use a different partition table. Edit the include directive to include “fstab-debugger” instead of “fstab-stock”.

Then build and flash applications as usual (see Build an Application and Run an Application for more details).

Here is an example for the Blinky Application application.

Using west:

# From the root of the zephyr repository
west build -b nrf52840_pca10059 samples/basic/blinky
west flash

Using CMake and ninja:

# From the root of the zephyr repository
# Use cmake to configure a Ninja-based buildsystem:
cmake -B build -GNinja -DBOARD=nrf52840_pca10059 samples/basic/blinky

# Now run ninja on the generated build system:
ninja -C build
ninja -C build flash

Observe the LED on the board blinking.

Debugging

The nrf52840_pca10059 board does not have an on-board J-Link debug IC as some nRF5x development boards, however, instructions from the Nordic nRF5x Segger J-Link page also apply to this board, with the additional step of connecting an external debugger.

Testing the LEDs and buttons on the nRF52840 PCA10059

There are 2 samples that allow you to test that the buttons (switches) and LEDs on the board are working properly with Zephyr:

You can build and program the examples to make sure Zephyr is running correctly on your board.