Install Windows Host Dependencies

This guide was tested on Windows versions 7, 8.1, and 10.

Update Your Operating System

Before proceeding with the build, ensure that you are running your Windows system with the latest updates installed.

Install Requirements and Dependencies

There are 2 different ways of developing for Zephyr on Microsoft Windows:

  1. Option 1: Windows Command Prompt (recommended)
  2. Option 2: Windows 10 WSL (Windows Subsystem for Linux)

The first option is fully Windows native; the other requires emulation layers that may result in slower build times.

Option 1: Windows Command Prompt

These instructions assume you are using the cmd.exe command prompt. Some of the details, such as setting environment variables, may differ if you are using PowerShell.

The easiest way to install the native Windows dependencies is to first install Chocolatey, a package manager for Windows. If you prefer to install dependencies manually, you can also download the required programs from their respective websites.

Note

Chocolatey will properly set up your environment so tools can be found on your PATH. If you install programs manually, be sure to verify the programs can also be found on your PATH. For example, you may need to add C:\\Program Files\Git\bin after manually installing Git for Windows.

Note

There are multiple set statements in this tutorial. You can avoid typing them every time by placing them inside a .cmd file and running that every time you open a command prompt.

  1. If you’re behind a corporate firewall, you’ll likely need to specify a proxy to get access to internet resources:

    set HTTP_PROXY=http://user:password@proxy.mycompany.com:1234
    set HTTPS_PROXY=http://user:password@proxy.mycompany.com:1234
    
  2. Install Chocolatey by following the instructions on the Chocolatey install page.

  3. Open a command prompt (cmd.exe) as an Administrator (press the Windows key, type “cmd.exe” in the prompt, then right-click the result and choose “Run as Administrator”).

  4. Optionally disable global confirmation to avoid having to confirm installation of individual programs:

    choco feature enable -n allowGlobalConfirmation
    
  5. Install CMake:

    choco install cmake --installargs 'ADD_CMAKE_TO_PATH=System'
    
  6. Install the rest of the tools:

    choco install git python ninja dtc-msys2 gperf
    
  7. Close the Administrator command prompt window.

Option 2: Windows 10 WSL (Windows Subsystem for Linux)

If you are running a recent version of Windows 10 you can make use of the built-in functionality to natively run Ubuntu binaries directly on a standard command-prompt. This allows you to use software such as the Zephyr SDK without setting up a virtual machine.

Warning

Windows 10 version 1803 has an issue that will cause CMake to not work properly and is fixed in version 1809 (and later). More information can be found in Zephyr Issue 10420

  1. Install the Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL).

    Note

    For the Zephyr SDK to function properly you will need Windows 10 build 15002 or greater. You can check which Windows 10 build you are running in the “About your PC” section of the System Settings. If you are running an older Windows 10 build you might need to install the Creator’s Update.

  2. Follow the Ubuntu instructions in the Install Linux Host Dependencies document.