This is the documentation for the latest (master) development branch of Zephyr. If you are looking for the documentation of previous releases, use the drop-down menu on the left and select the desired version.

West Release Notes

v0.11.0

New features:

  • west update now supports --narrow, --name-cache, and --path-cache options. These can be influenced by the update.narrow, update.name-cache, and update.path-cache Configuration options. These can be used to optimize the speed of the update.

  • west update now supports a --fetch-opt option that will be passed to the git fetch command used to fetch remote revisions when updating each project.

Bug fixes:

  • west update now synchronizes Git submodules in projects by default. This avoids issues if the URL changes in the manifest file from when the submodule was first initialized. This behavior can be disabled by setting the update.sync-submodules configuration option to false.

Other changes:

  • the west.manifest module has fixed docstrings for the Project class

v0.10.1

New features:

  • The west init command’s --manifest-rev (--mr) option no longer defaults to master. Instead, the command will query the repository for its default branch name and use that instead. This allows users to move from master to main without breaking scripts that do not provide this option.

v0.10.0

New features:

Bug fixes:

  • West now checks that the manifest schema version is one of the explicitly allowed vlaues documented in Version. The old behavior was just to check that the schema version was newer than the west version where the manifest: version: key was introduced. This incorrectly allowed invalid schema versions, like 0.8.2.

Other changes:

  • A manifest file’s group-filter is now propagated through an import. This is a change from how west v0.9.x handled this. In west v0.9.x, only the top level manifest file’s group-filter had any effect; the group filter lists from any imported manifests were ignored.

    Starting with west v0.10.0, the group filter lists from imported manifests are also imported. For details, see Group Filters and Imports.

    The new behavior will take effect if manifest: version: is not given or is at least 0.10. The old behavior is still available in the top level manifest file only with an explicit manifest: version: 0.9. See Version for more information on schema versions.

    See west pull request #482 for the motivation for this change and additional context.

v0.9.1

Bug fixes:

  • Commands like west manifest --resolve now correctly include group and group filter information.

Other changes:

  • West now warns if you combine import with group-filter. Semantics for this combination have changed starting with v0.10.x. See the v0.10.0 release notes above for more information.

v0.9.0

Warning

The west config fix described below comes at a cost: any comments or other manual edits in configuration files will be removed when setting a configuration option via that command or the west.configuration API.

Warning

Combining the group-filter feature introduced in this release with manifest imports is discouraged. The resulting behavior has changed in west v0.10.

New features:

  • West manifests now support Git Submodules in Projects. This allows you to clone Git submodules into a west project repository in addition to the project repository itself.

  • West manifests now support Project Groups and Active Projects. Project groups can be enabled and disabled to determine what projects are “active”, and therefore will be acted upon by the following commands: west update, west list, west diff, west status, west forall.

  • west update no longer updates inactive projects by default. It now supports a --group-filter option which allows for one-time modifications to the set of enabled and disabled project groups.

  • Running west list, west diff, west status, or west forall with no arguments does not print information for inactive projects by default. If the user specifies a list of projects explicitly at the command line, output for them is included regardless of whether they are active.

    These commands also now support --all arguments to include all projects, even inactive ones.

  • west list now supports a {groups} format string key in its --format argument.

Bug fixes:

  • The west config command and west.configuration API did not correctly store some configuration values, such as strings which contain commas. This has been fixed; see commit 36f3f91e for details.

  • A manifest file with an empty manifest: self: path: value is invalid, but west used to let it pass silently. West now rejects such manifests.

  • A bug affecting the behavior of the west init -l . command was fixed; see issue #435.

API changes:

  • added west.manifest.Manifest.is_active()

  • added west.manifest.Manifest.group_filter

  • added submodules attribute to west.manifest.Project, which has newly added type west.manifest.Submodule

Other changes:

  • The Manifest Imports feature now supports the terms allowlist and blocklist instead of whitelist and blacklist, respectively.

    The old terms are still supported for compatibility, but the documentation has been updated to use the new ones exclusively.

v0.8.0

This is a feature release which changes the manifest schema by adding support for a path-prefix: key in an import: mapping, along with some other features and fixes.

  • Manifest import mappings now support a path-prefix: key, which places the project and its imported repositories in a subdirectory of the workspace. See Example 3.4: Import into a subdirectory for an example.

  • The west command line application can now also be run using python3 -m west. This makes it easier to run west under a particular Python interpreter without modifying the PATH environment variable.

  • west manifest –path prints the absolute path to west.yml

  • west init now supports an --mf foo.yml option, which initializes the workspace using foo.yml instead of west.yml.

  • west list now prints the manifest repository’s path using the manifest.path configuration option, which may differ from the self: path: value in the manifest data. The old behavior is still available, but requires passing a new --manifest-path-from-yaml option.

  • Various Python API changes; see West APIs for details.

v0.7.3

This is a bugfix release.

v0.7.2

This is a bugfix and minor feature release.

  • Filter out duplicate extension commands brought in by manifest imports

  • Fix west.Manifest.get_projects() when finding the manifest repository by path

v0.7.1

This is a bugfix and minor feature release.

  • west update --stats now prints timing for operations which invoke a subprocess, time spent in west’s Python process for each project, and total time updating each project.

  • west topdir always prints a POSIX style path

  • minor console output changes

v0.7.0

The main user-visible feature in west 0.7 is the Manifest Imports feature. This allows users to load west manifest data from multiple different files, resolving the results into a single logical manifest.

Additional user-visible changes:

  • The idea of a “west installation” has been renamed to “west workspace” in this documentation and in the west API documentation. The new term seems to be easier for most people to work with than the old one.

  • West manifests now support a schema version.

  • The “west config” command can now be run outside of a workspace, e.g. to run west config --global section.key value to set a configuration option’s value globally.

  • There is a new west topdir command, which prints the root directory of the current west workspace.

  • The west -vv init command now prints the git operations being performed, and their results.

  • The restriction that no project can be named “manifest” is now enforced; the name “manifest” is reserved for the manifest repository, and is usable as such in commands like west list manifest, instead of west list path-to-manifest-repository being the only way to say that

  • It’s no longer an error if there is no project named “zephyr”. This is part of an effort to make west generally usable for non-Zephyr use cases.

  • Various bug fixes.

The developer-visible changes to the West APIs are:

  • west.build and west.cmake: deprecated; this is Zephyr-specific functionality and should never have been part of west. Since Zephyr v1.14 LTS relies on it, it will continue to be included in the distribution, but will be removed when that version of Zephyr is obsoleted.

  • west.commands:

    • WestCommand.requires_installation: deprecated; use requires_workspace instead

    • WestCommand.requires_workspace: new

    • WestCommand.has_manifest: new

    • WestCommand.manifest: this is now settable

  • west.configuration: callers can now identify the workspace directory when reading and writing configuration files

  • west.log:

    • msg(): new

  • west.manifest:

    • The module now uses the standard logging module instead of west.log

    • QUAL_REFS_WEST: new

    • SCHEMA_VERSION: new

    • Defaults: removed

    • Manifest.as_dict(): new

    • Manifest.as_frozen_yaml(): new

    • Manifest.as_yaml(): new

    • Manifest.from_file() and from_data(): these factory methods are more flexible to use and less reliant on global state

    • Manifest.validate(): new

    • ManifestImportFailed: new

    • ManifestProject: semi-deprecated and will likely be removed later.

    • Project: the constructor now takes a topdir argument

    • Project.format() and its callers are removed. Use f-strings instead.

    • Project.name_and_path: new

    • Project.remote_name: new

    • Project.sha() now captures stderr

    • Remote: removed

West now requires Python 3.6 or later. Additionally, some features may rely on Python dictionaries being insertion-ordered; this is only an implementation detail in CPython 3.6, but is is part of the language specification as of Python 3.7.

v0.6.3

This point release fixes an error in the behavior of the deprecated west.cmake module.

v0.6.2

This point release fixes an error in the behavior of west update --fetch=smart, introduced in v0.6.1.

All v0.6.1 users must upgrade.

v0.6.1

Warning

Do not use this point release. Make sure to use v0.6.2 instead.

The user-visible features in this point release are:

  • The west update command has a new --fetch command line flag and update.fetch configuration option. The default value, “smart”, skips fetching SHAs and tags which are available locally.

  • Better and more consistent error-handling in the west diff, west status, west forall, and west update commands. Each of these commands can operate on multiple projects; if a subprocess related to one project fails, these commands now continue to operate on the rest of the projects. All of them also now report a nonzero error code from the west process if any of these subprocesses fails (this was previously not true of west forall in particular).

  • The west manifest command also handles errors better.

  • The west list command now works even when the projects are not cloned, as long as its format string only requires information which can be read from the manifest file. It still fails if the format string requires data stored in the project repository, e.g. if it includes the {sha} format string key.

  • Commands and options which operate on git revisions now accept abbreviated SHAs. For example, west init --mr SHA_PREFIX now works. Previously, the --mr argument needed to be the entire 40 character SHA if it wasn’t a branch or a tag.

The developer-visible changes to the West APIs are:

  • west.log.banner(): new

  • west.log.small_banner(): new

  • west.manifest.Manifest.get_projects(): new

  • west.manifest.Project.is_cloned(): new

  • west.commands.WestCommand instances can now access the parsed Manifest object via a new self.manifest property during the do_run() call. If read, it returns the Manifest object or aborts the command if it could not be parsed.

  • west.manifest.Project.git() now has a capture_stderr kwarg

v0.6.0

  • No separate bootstrapper

    In west v0.5.x, the program was split into two components, a bootstrapper and a per-installation clone. See Multiple Repository Management in the v1.14 documentation for more details.

    This is similar to how Google’s Repo tool works, and lets west iterate quickly at first. It caused confusion, however, and west is now stable enough to be distributed entirely as one piece via PyPI.

    From v0.6.x onwards, all of the core west commands and helper classes are part of the west package distributed via PyPI. This eliminates complexity and makes it possible to import west modules from anywhere in the system, not just extension commands.

  • The selfupdate command still exists for backwards compatibility, but now simply exits after printing an error message.

  • Manifest syntax changes

    • A west manifest file’s projects elements can now specify their fetch URLs directly, like so:

      manifest:
        projects:
          - name: example-project-name
            url: https://github.com/example/example-project
      

      Project elements with url attributes set in this way may not also have remote attributes.

    • Project names must be unique: this restriction is needed to support future work, but was not possible in west v0.5.x because distinct projects may have URLs with the same final pathname component, like so:

      manifest:
        remotes:
          - name: remote-1
            url-base: https://github.com/remote-1
          - name: remote-2
            url-base: https://github.com/remote-2
        projects:
          - name: project
            remote: remote-1
            path: remote-1-project
          - name: project
            remote: remote-2
            path: remote-2-project
      

      These manifests can now be written with projects that use url instead of remote, like so:

      manifest:
        projects:
          - name: remote-1-project
            url: https://github.com/remote-1/project
          - name: remote-2-project
            url: https://github.com/remote-2/project
      
  • The west list command now supports a {sha} format string key

  • The default format string for west list was changed to "{name:12} {path:28} {revision:40} {url}".

  • The command west manifest --validate can now be run to load and validate the current manifest file, among other error-handling fixes related to manifest parsing.

  • Incompatible API changes were made to west’s APIs. Further changes are expected until API stability is declared in west v1.0.

    • The west.manifest.Project constructor’s remote and defaults positional arguments are now kwargs. A new url kwarg was also added; if given, the Project URL is set to that value, and the remote kwarg is ignored.

    • west.manifest.MANIFEST_SECTIONS was removed. There is only one section now, namely manifest. The sections kwargs in the west.manifest.Manifest factory methods and constructor were also removed.

    • The west.manifest.SpecialProject class was removed. Use west.manifest.ManifestProject instead.

v0.5.x

West v0.5.x is the first version used widely by the Zephyr Project as part of its v1.14 Long-Term Support (LTS) release. The west v0.5.x documentation is available as part of the Zephyr’s v1.14 documentation.

West’s main features in v0.5.x are:

  • Multiple repository management using Git repositories, including self-update of west itself

  • Hierarchical configuration files

  • Extension commands

Versions Before v0.5.x

Tags in the west repository before v0.5.x are prototypes which are of historical interest only.