Random

The random API subsystem provides random number generation APIs in both cryptographically and non-cryptographically secure instances. Which random API to use is based on the cryptographic requirements of the random number. The non-cryptographic APIs will return random values much faster if non-cryptographic values are needed.

The cryptographically secure random functions shall be compliant to the FIPS 140-2 [NIST02] recommended algorithms. Hardware based random-number generators (RNG) can be used on platforms with appropriate hardware support. Platforms without hardware RNG support shall use the CTR-DRBG algorithm. The algorithm can be provided by TinyCrypt or mbedTLS depending on your application performance and resource requirements.

Note

The CTR-DRBG generator needs an entropy source to establish and maintain the cryptographic security of the PRNG.

Kconfig Options

These options can be found in the following path subsys/random/Kconfig.

CONFIG_TEST_RANDOM_GENERATOR
For testing, this option permits random number APIs to return values that are not truly random.

The random number generator choice group allows selection of the RNG source function for the system via the RNG_GENERATOR_CHOICE choice group. An override of the default value can be specified in the SOC or board .defconfig file by using:

choice RNG_GENERATOR_CHOICE
        default XOROSHIRO_RANDOM_GENERATOR
endchoice

The random number generators available include:

CONFIG_X86_TSC_RANDOM_GENERATOR
enables number generator based on timestamp counter of x86 boards, obtained with rdtsc instruction.
CONFIG_TIMER_RANDOM_GENERATOR
enables number generator based on system timer clock. This number generator is not random and used for testing only.
CONFIG_ENTROPY_DEVICE_RANDOM_GENERATOR
enables a random number generator that uses the enabled hardware entropy gathering driver to generate random numbers.
CONFIG_XOROSHIRO_RANDOM_GENERATOR
enables the Xoroshiro128+ pseudo-random number generator, that uses the entropy driver as a seed source.

The CSPRNG_GENERATOR_CHOICE choice group provides selection of the cryptographically secure random number generator source function. An override of the default value can be specified in the SOC or board .defconfig file by using:

choice CSPRNG_GENERATOR_CHOICE
        default CTR_DRBG_CSPRNG_GENERATOR
endchoice

The cryptographically secure random number generators available include:

CONFIG_HARDWARE_DEVICE_CS_GENERATOR
enables a cryptographically secure random number generator using the hardware random generator driver
CONFIG_CTR_DRBG_CSPRNG_GENERATOR
enables the CTR-DRBG pseudo-random number generator. The CTR-DRBG is a FIPS140-2 recommended cryptographically secure random number generator.

Personalization data can be provided in addition to the entropy source to make the initialization of the CTR-DRBG as unique as possible.

CONFIG_CS_CTR_DRBG_PERSONALIZATION
CTR-DRBG Initialization Personalization string

API Reference

group random_api

Random Function APIs.

Functions

u32_t sys_rand32_get(void)

Return a 32-bit random value that should pass general randomness tests.

Note
The random value returned is not a cryptographically secure random number value.
Return
32-bit random value.

void sys_rand_get(void *dst, size_t len)

Fill the destination buffer with random data values that should pass general randomness tests.

Note
The random values returned are not considered cryptographically secure random number values.
Parameters
  • dst: destination buffer to fill with random data.
  • len: size of the destination buffer.

int sys_csrand_get(void *dst, size_t len)

Fill the destination buffer with cryptographically secure random data values.

Note
If the random values requested do not need to be cryptographically secure then use sys_rand_get() instead.
Return
0 if success, -EIO if entropy reseed error
Parameters
  • dst: destination buffer to fill.
  • len: size of the destination buffer.