ArgonKey Board Microphone


This sample provides an example of how to acquire audio through the on-board MP34DT05 microphone. The microphone generates a PDM stream which is acquired through I2S. The PDM stream is then converted to PCM using the OpenPDMFilter library, which is available in source code in this sample.


This sample requires the ArgonKey board plus a USB to TTL 1V8 serial cable to get the output audio stream. The board can be powered in either one of the following two ways:

  • mezzanine mode, plugging the ArgonKey to HiKey board thru its 96Board low-speed connector
  • standalone mode, supplying 5V directly on P1 connector


Building and Running

cd $ZEPHYR_BASE/samples/boards/96b_argonkey/microphone
mkdir build && cd build
cmake -GNinja -DBOARD=96b_argonkey ..
ninja run

Sample Output

The example acquires 5s of audio and prints out the PCM stream on COM port. A USB to TTL 1V8 serial cable may be attached to the low speed connector on the back of the board on P3.5 (TX) and P3.7 (RX).

As soon as the acquisition starts the green LED glows. At the end of the acquisition both the green and red LEDs go on and the PCM stream is sent on COM port. When the output is completed the green LED goes off and the red LED stays on. The process can be reiterated by pressing the RST button.

  • audio acquisition starts: GRN on - RED off
  • audio acquisition ends: GRN on - RED on
  • audio output ends: GRN off - RED on

The characteristics of the PCM audio are hardcoded in the example:

  • 16KHz sample rate
  • 16 bits per sample
  • 1 channel (mono), as only 1 microphone is available

Five seconds of acquisition at a 16KHz sampling rate yields 80,000 16-bit samples. The microphone PDM requested clock should lead the MP34DT05 driver to select an oversampling/decimation factor equal to 128, resulting in a 2.048MHz bit clock.

See pcm and pdm configuration in file samples/boards/96b_argonkey/microphone/src/main.c.


It is possible to change the AUDIO_FREQ to 32000 acquiring only 2500 ms. In this case the oversampling/decimation factor will be 64.

At the end of the acquisition the PCM data will be printed on the terminal emulator in either binary or ASCII format. The output is controlled by following macro, off by default, in samples/boards/96b_argonkey/microphone/src/main.c:


Binary PCM Output

The ttyUSB0 port must be configured in raw mode to avoid having characters ‘cooked’ out.

stty -F /dev/ttyUSB0 115200 raw
cat /dev/ttyUSB0 > /tmp/sound.raw


In case the character 0x0a is interpreted as NL and an 0x0d (CR) is added, you may need to remove it:

dos2unix -f /tmp/sound.raw


It is also possible to recompile and to have PCM output in ASCII, which needs to be converted to binary later on. The output format is the following:

ArgonKey test!!
-- start


-- end

Play PCM Audio

Now that we have a binary PCM file (say sound.raw), you can use, for example, the audacity open source editor/player to load and play it. Use the ‘Import->Raw Data’ menu to load the sound.raw file as signed 16 bit PCM, Little Endian, mono format @16KHz.