This is the documentation for the latest (main) development branch of Zephyr. If you are looking for the documentation of previous releases, use the drop-down menu on the left and select the desired version.


Vendor: GigaDevice Semiconductor


The GD32 pin controller (AFIO model) is a singleton node responsible for
controlling pin function selection and pin properties. For example, you can
use this node to route USART0 RX to pin PA10 and enable the pull-up resistor
on the pin. Remapping is also supported.

The node has the 'pinctrl' node label set in your SoC's devicetree,
so you can modify it like this:

  &pinctrl {
          /* your modifications go here */

All device pin configurations should be placed in child nodes of the
'pinctrl' node, as shown in this example:

  /* You can put this in places like a board-pinctrl.dtsi file in
   * your board directory, or a devicetree overlay in your application.

  /* include pre-defined combinations for the SoC variant used by the board */
  #include <dt-bindings/pinctrl/gd32f403z(k-i-g-e-c-b)xx-pinctrl.h>

  &pinctrl {
    /* configuration for the usart0 "default" state */
    usart0_default: usart0_default {
      /* group 1 */
      group1 {
        /* configure PA9 as USART0 TX and PA11 as USART0 CTS (no remap) */
        pinmux = <USART0_TX_PA9_NORMP>, <USART0_CTS_PA11_NORMP>;
      /* group 2 */
      group2 {
        /* configure PA10 as USART0 RX and PA12 as USART0 RTS (no remap) */
        pinmux = <USART0_RX_PA10_NORMP>, <USART0_RTS_PA12_NORMP>;
        /* both PA10 and PA12 have pull-up enabled */

    /* configuration for the usart0 "sleep" state */
    usart0_sleep: usart0_sleep {
      /* group 1 */
      group1 {
        /* configure PA9, PA10, PA11 and PA12 in analog mode */
        pinmux = <ANALOG_PA9>, <ANALOG_PA10>, <ANALOG_PA12>, <ANALOG_PA11>;

The 'usart0_default' child node encodes the pin configurations for a
particular state of a device; in this case, the default (that is, active)
state. Similarly, 'usart0_sleep' child node encodes the pin configurations
for the sleep state (used in device low power mode). Note that analog mode
is used for low power states because it disconnects the pin pull-up/down
resistor, schmitt trigger, and output buffer.

As shown, pin configurations are organized in groups within each child node.
Each group can specify a list of pin function selections in the 'pinmux'

A group can also specify shared pin properties common to all the specified
pins, such as the 'bias-pull-up' property in group 2. Here is a list of
supported standard pin properties:

- drive-push-pull: Push-pull drive mode (default, not required). Only
  applies for GPIO_IN mode.
- drive-open-drain: Open-drain drive mode. Only applies for GPIO_IN mode.
- bias-disable: Disable pull-up/down (default, not required). Only applies
  for GPIO_IN mode.
- bias-pull-up: Enable pull-up resistor. Only applies for GPIO_IN mode.
- bias-pull-down: Enable pull-down resistor. Only applies for GPIO_IN mode.
- slew-rate: Set the maximum speed (and so the slew-rate) of the output
  signal (default: 2MHz). Only applies for ALTERNATE mode.

Note that drive and bias options are mutually exclusive.

Peripherals that are remappable will have their pre-defined macros suffixed
with the remap option being selected, for example:

  - CAN0_RX_PA11_NORMP: No remap
  - CAN0_RX_PB8_PRMP: Partial remap
  - CAN0_RX_PD0_FRMP: Full remap

It is important that **ALL** pinmux entries share the same remap. For

  &pinctrl {
    can0_default: can0_default {
      group1 {
        pinmux = <CAN0_RX_PD0_FRMP>, <CAN0_TX_PD1_FRMP>;
        /*                    ^^^^                ^^^^           */
        /* CAN0 pins are remapped choosing the full remap option */

To link pin configurations with a device, use a pinctrl-N property for some
number N, like this example you could place in your board's DTS file:

   #include "board-pinctrl.dtsi"

   &usart0 {
         pinctrl-0 = <&usart0_default>;
         pinctrl-1 = <&usart0_sleep>;
         pinctrl-names = "default", "sleep";


Top level properties

These property descriptions apply to “gd,gd32-pinctrl-afio” nodes themselves. This page also describes child node properties in the following sections.

Properties not inherited from the base binding file.


Grandchild node properties






Set the maximum speed of a pin. This setting effectively limits the
slew rate of the output signal. Defaults to "max-speed-2mhz", the SoC
default. The max-speed-highest option may not be available on all SoC
variants. If selected and not available the 50 MHz maximum speed will
be used instead. Note that usage of max-speed-highest may require
enabling the I/O compensation cell (refer to the gd,gd32-afio binding
for more details).

Default value: max-speed-2mhz

Legal values: 'max-speed-10mhz', 'max-speed-2mhz', 'max-speed-50mhz', 'max-speed-highest'



An array of pins sharing the same group properties. The pins should
be defined using pre-defined macros or, alternatively, using the
GD32_PINMUX_AF or GD32_PINMUX_AFIO utility macros depending on the
pinmux model used by the SoC series.

This property is required.



disable any pin bias



enable pull-up resistor



enable pull-down resistor



drive actively high and low



drive with open drain (hardware AND)