SMP Server Sample¶
This sample application implements a Simple Management Protocol (SMP) server. SMP is a basic transfer encoding for use with the MCUmgr management protocol. For more information about MCUmgr and SMP, please see Device Management.
This sample application supports the following mcumgr transports by default:
smp_svr enables support for the following command groups:
The Zephyr port of
smp_svris configured to run on a Nordic nRF52x MCU. The application should build and run for other platforms without modification.
The MCUboot bootloader is required for
img_mgmtto function properly. More information about the Device Firmware Upgrade subsystem and MCUboot can be found in MCUboot.
mcumgrcommand-line tool only works with Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) on Linux and macOS. On Windows there is no support for Device Firmware Upgrade over BLE yet.
Building a BLE Controller (optional)¶
This section is only relevant for Linux users
If you want to try out Device Firmware Upgrade (DFU) over the air using Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) and do not have a built-in or pluggable BLE radio, you can build one and use it following the instructions in Using the controller with BlueZ.
Building and Running¶
The below steps describe how to build and run the
smp_svr sample in
Zephyr. Where examples are given, they assume the sample is being built for
the Nordic nRF52 Development Kit (
If you would like to use a more constrained platform, such as the nRF51 DK, you
should use the
prj_tiny.conf configuration file rather than the default
Step 1: Build MCUboot¶
Build MCUboot by following the instructions in the MCUboot documentation page.
Step 2: Flash MCUboot¶
Flash the resulting image file to address 0x0 of flash memory. This can be done in multiple ways.
Using make or ninja:
make flash # or ninja flash
restore <path-to-mcuboot-zephyr.bin> binary 0
Step 3: Build smp_svr¶
smp_svr can be built for the nRF52 as follows:
# From the root of the zephyr repository west build -b nrf52_pca10040 -d build/nrf52_pca10040 samples/subsys/mgmt/mcumgr/smp_svr
Step 4: Sign the image¶
From this section onwards you can use either a binary (
.bin) or an
Intel Hex (
.hex) image format. This is written as
(bin|hex) in this
imgtool.py script, sign the
file you built in Step 3. In the below example, the MCUboot repo is located at
~/src/mcuboot/scripts/imgtool.py sign \ --key ~/src/mcuboot/root-rsa-2048.pem \ --header-size 0x200 \ --align 8 \ --version 1.0 \ --slot-size <image-slot-size> \ <path-to-zephyr.(bin|hex)> signed.(bin|hex)
The above command creates an image file called
signed.(bin|hex) in the
Step 5: Flash the smp_svr image¶
signed.(bin|hex) file from Step 4 to image slot-0 of your
board. The location of image slot-0 varies by board, as described in
MCUboot Partitions. For the nRF52 DK, slot-0 is located at address
nrfjprog you don’t need to specify the slot-0 starting address,
.hex files already contain that information:
nrfjprog --program <path-to-signed.hex>
restore <path-to-signed.bin> binary 0xc000
Step 6: Run it!¶
If you haven’t installed
mcumgr yet, then do so by following the
instructions in the Command-line Tool section of the Management subsystem
mcumgr command-line tool requires a connection string in order
to identify the remote target device. In this sample we use a BLE-based
connection string, and you might need to modify it depending on the
BLE controller you are using.
smp_svr app is ready to run. Just reset your board and test the app
mcumgr command-line tool’s
echo functionality, which will
send a string to the remote target device and have it echo it back:
sudo mcumgr --conntype ble --connstring ctlr_name=hci0,peer_name='Zephyr' echo hello hello
Step 7: Device Firmware Upgrade¶
Now that the SMP server is running on your board and you are able to communicate
with it using
mcumgr, you might want to test what is commonly called
“OTA DFU”, or Over-The-Air Device Firmware Upgrade.
To do this, build a second sample (following the steps below) to verify it is sent over the air and properly flashed into slot-1, and then swapped into slot-0 by MCUboot.
Build a second sample¶
Then build the sample as usual (see Hello World).
Sign the second sample¶
Next you will need to sign the sample just like you did for
since it needs to be loaded by MCUboot.
Follow the same instructions described in Step 4: Sign the image,
but this time you must use a
.bin image, since
mcumgr does not
Upload the image over BLE¶
Now we are ready to send or upload the image over BLE to the target remote device.
sudo mcumgr --conntype ble --connstring ctlr_name=hci0,peer_name='Zephyr' image upload signed.bin
If all goes well the image will now be stored in slot-1, ready to be swapped into slot-0 and executed.
At the beginning of the upload process, the target might start erasing
the image slot, taking several dozen seconds for some targets. This might
cause an NMP timeout in the management protocol tool. Use the
-t <timeout-in-seconds option to increase the response timeout for the
mcumgr command line tool if this occurs.
List the images¶
We can now obtain a list of images (slot-0 and slot-1) present in the remote target device by issuing the following command:
sudo mcumgr --conntype ble --connstring ctlr_name=hci0,peer_name='Zephyr' image list
This should print the status and hash values of each of the images present.
Test the image¶
In order to instruct MCUboot to swap the images we need to test the image first, making sure it boots:
sudo mcumgr --conntype ble --connstring ctlr_name=hci0,peer_name='Zephyr' image test <hash of slot-1 image>
Now MCUBoot will swap the image on the next reset.
We can reset the device remotely to observe (use the console output) how MCUboot swaps the images:
sudo mcumgr --conntype ble --connstring ctlr_name=hci0,peer_name='Zephyr' reset
Upon reset MCUboot will swap slot-0 and slot-1.
The new image is the basic
hello_world sample that does not contain
SMP or BLE functionality, so we cannot communicate with it using
mcumgr. Instead simply reset the board manually to force MCUboot
to revert (i.e. swap back the images) due to the fact that the new image has
not been confirmed.
If you had instead built and uploaded a new image based on
(or another BLE and SMP enabled sample), you could confirm the
new image and make the swap permanent by using this command:
sudo mcumgr --conntype ble --connstring ctlr_name=hci0,peer_name='Zephyr' image confirm
Note that if you try to send the very same image that is already flashed in slot-0 then the procedure will not complete successfully since the hash values for both slots will be identical.