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Migration guide to Zephyr v3.7.0 (Working Draft)

This document describes the changes required when migrating your application from Zephyr v3.6.0 to Zephyr v3.7.0.

Any other changes (not directly related to migrating applications) can be found in the release notes.

Build System

  • Completely overhauled the way SoCs and boards are defined. This requires all out-of-tree SoCs and boards to be ported to the new model. See the Transition to the current hardware model for more detailed information.

Kernel

Boards

  • Reordered D1 and D0 in the pro_micro connector gpio-map for SparkFun Pro Micro RP2040 to match original Pro Micro definition. Out-of-tree shields must be updated to reflect this change.

Modules

MCUboot

zcbor

Device Drivers and Devicetree

  • The nxp,kinetis-pit pit driver has changed it’s compatible to nxp,pit and has been updated to support multiple channels. To configure the individual channels, you must add a child node with the compatible nxp,pit-channel and configure as below. The CONFIG_COUNTER_MCUX_PIT has also been renamed to CONFIG_COUNTER_NXP_PIT with regards to the renaming of the binding for the pit. example:

    / {
        pit0: pit@40037000 {
            /* Other Pit DT Attributes */
            compatible = "nxp,pit";
            status = "disabled";
            num-channels = <1>;
            #address-cells = <1>;
            #size-cells = <0>;
    
            pit0_channel0: pit0_channel@0 {
                compatible = "nxp,pit-channel";
                reg = <0>;
                status = "disabled";
            };
    };
    
  • The nxp,kinetis-ethernet has been deprecated in favor of nxp,enet. All in tree SOCs were converted to use this new schema. Thus, all boards using NXP’s ENET peripheral will need to align to this binding in DT, which also comes with a different version driver. Alternatively, the Ethernet node can be deleted and redefined as the old binding to use the deprecated legacy driver. The primary advantage of the new binding is to be able to abstract an arbitrary phy through the mdio API. Example of a basic board level ENET DT definition:

    &enet_mac {
        status = "okay";
        pinctrl-0 = <&pinmux_enet>;
        pinctrl-names = "default";
        phy-handle = <&phy>;
        zephyr,random-mac-address;
        phy-connection-type = "rmii";
    };
    
    &enet_mdio {
        status = "okay";
        pinctrl-0 = <&pinmux_enet_mdio>;
        pinctrl-names = "default";
        phy: phy@3 {
            compatible = "ethernet-phy";
            reg = <3>;
            status = "okay";
        };
    };
    

Analog-to-Digital Converter (ADC)

Bluetooth HCI

Charger

  • Dropped constant-charge-current-max-microamp property in charger_max20335 driver because it did not reflect real chip functionality.

  • Added enum key to constant-charge-voltage-max-microvolt property in maxim,max20335-charger binding to indicate invalid devicetree values at build time.

Controller Area Network (CAN)

  • Removed the following deprecated CAN controller devicetree properties. Out-of-tree boards using these properties need to switch to using the bus-speed, sample-point, bus-speed-data, and sample-point-data devicetree properties for specifying the initial CAN bitrate:

    • sjw

    • prop-seg

    • phase-seg1

    • phase-seg1

    • sjw-data

    • prop-seg-data

    • phase-seg1-data

    • phase-seg1-data

  • Support for manual bus-off recovery was reworked:

    • Automatic bus recovery will always be enabled upon driver initialization regardless of Kconfig options. Since CAN controllers are initialized in “stopped” state, no unwanted bus-off recovery will be started at this point.

    • The Kconfig CONFIG_CAN_AUTO_BUS_OFF_RECOVERY was renamed (and inverted) to CONFIG_CAN_MANUAL_RECOVERY_MODE, which is disabled by default. This Kconfig option enables support for the can_recover() API function and a new manual recovery mode (see the next bullet).

    • A new CAN controller operational mode CAN_MODE_MANUAL_RECOVERY was added. Support for this is only enabled if CONFIG_CAN_MANUAL_RECOVERY_MODE is enabled. Having this as a mode allows applications to inquire whether the CAN controller supports manual recovery mode via the can_get_capabilities() API function. The application can then either fail initialization or rely on automatic bus-off recovery. Having this as a mode furthermore allows CAN controller drivers not supporting manual recovery mode to fail early in can_set_mode() during application startup instead of failing when can_recover() is called at a later point in time.

Display

Flash

General Purpose I/O (GPIO)

Input

  • The analog-axis deadzone calibration value has been changed to be relative to the raw ADC values, similarly to min and max. The data structures and properties have been renamed to reflect that (from out-deadzone to in-deadzone) and when migrating to the new definition the value should be scaled accordingly.

Interrupt Controller

LED Strip

Sensors

Serial

Timer

Bluetooth

Bluetooth Mesh

  • The model metadata pointer declaration of bt_mesh_model has been changed to add const qualifiers. The data pointer of bt_mesh_models_metadata_entry got const qualifier too. The model’s metadata structure and metadata raw value can be declared as permanent constants in the non-volatile memory. (GitHub #69679)

Bluetooth Audio

Bluetooth Classic

  • The source files of Host BR/EDR have been moved to subsys/bluetooth/host/classic. The Header files of Host BR/EDR have been moved to include/zephyr/bluetooth/classic. Removed the CONFIG_BT_BREDR. It is replaced by new option CONFIG_BT_CLASSIC. (GitHub #69651)

Networking

  • Deprecate the CONFIG_NET_SOCKETS_POSIX_NAMES option. It is a legacy option and was used to allow user to call BSD socket API while not enabling POSIX API. This could cause complications when building applications that wanted to enable the CONFIG_POSIX_API option. This means that if the application wants to use normal BSD socket interface, then it needs to enable CONFIG_POSIX_API. If the application does not want or is not able to enable that option, then the socket API calls need to be prefixed by a zsock_ string. All the sample applications that use BSD socket interface are changed to enable CONFIG_POSIX_API. Internally the network stack will not enable POSIX API option which means that various network libraries that use sockets, are converted to use the zsock_* API calls. (GitHub #69950)

  • The zperf zperf_results struct is changed to support 64 bits transferred bytes (total_len) and test duration (time_in_us and client_time_in_us), instead of 32 bits. This will make the long-duration zperf test show with correct throughput result. (GitHub #69500)

  • Each IPv4 address assigned to a network interface has an IPv4 netmask tied to it instead of being set for the whole interface. If there is only one IPv4 address specified for a network interface, nothing changes from the user point of view. But, if there is more than one IPv4 address / network interface, the netmask must be specified for each IPv4 address separately. (GitHub #68419)

  • Virtual network interface API no longer has the input callback. The input callback was used to read the inner IPv4/IPv6 packets in an IP tunnel. This incoming tunnel read is now implemented in recv callback. (GitHub #70549)

  • Virtual LAN (VLAN) implementation is changed to use the Virtual network interfaces. There are no API changes, but the type of a VLAN network interface is changed from ETHERNET to VIRTUAL. This could require changes to the code that sets the VLAN tags to a network interface. For example in the net_eth_is_vlan_enabled() API, the 2nd interface parameter must point to the main Ethernet interface, and not to the VLAN interface. (GitHub #70345)

  • Modified the wifi connect command to use key-value format for the arguments. In the previous implementation, we were identifying an option using its position in the argument string. This made it difficult to deal with optional arguments or extending the support for other options. Having this key-value format makes it easier to extend the options that can be passed to the connect command. wifi -h will give more information about the usage of connect command. (GitHub #70024)

  • The Kconfig CONFIG_NET_TCP_ACK_TIMEOUT has been deprecated. Its usage was limited to TCP handshake only, and in such case the total timeout should depend on the total retransmission timeout (as in other cases) making the config redundant and confusing. Use CONFIG_NET_TCP_INIT_RETRANSMISSION_TIMEOUT and CONFIG_NET_TCP_RETRY_COUNT instead to control the total timeout at the TCP level. (GitHub #70731)

Other Subsystems

LoRaWAN

MCUmgr

Modem

  • The CONFIG_MODEM_CHAT_LOG_BUFFER Kconfig option was renamed to MODEM_CHAT_LOG_BUFFER_SIZE.

Shell

ZBus

Userspace

Architectures

Xtensa