USB HID mouse Sample Application¶
This sample app demonstrates use of a USB Human Interface Device (HID) driver
by the Zephyr project. This very simple driver enumerates a board with a button
into a mouse that has a left mouse button and optionally (depending on
the number of buttons on the board) a right mouse button, X-axis movement,
and Y-axis movement.
This sample can be found under
samples/subsys/usb/hid-mouse in the
Zephyr project tree.
This project requires an USB device driver, and there must has at least one GPIO button in your board.
To use this sample, you will require a board that defines the user switch in its
header file. The
board.h must define the following variables:
The following variables are optional and depend on available board buttons:
- For right-button: SW1_GPIO_CONTROLLER, SW1_GPIO_PIN
- For X-axis: SW2_GPIO_CONTROLLER, SW2_GPIO_PIN
- For Y-axis: SW3_GPIO_CONTROLLER, SW3_GPIO_PIN
Building and Running¶
This sample can be built for multiple boards, in this example we will build it for the nucleo_f070rb board:
# On Linux/macOS cd $ZEPHYR_BASE/samples/subsys/usb/hid-mouse mkdir build && cd build # On Windows cd %ZEPHYR_BASE%\samples\subsys\usb\hid-mouse mkdir build & cd build cmake -GNinja -DBOARD=nucleo_f070rb .. ninja
After you have built and flashed the sample app image to your board, plug the board into a host device, for example, a PC running Linux. The board will be detected as shown by the Linux dmesg command:
dmesg | tail -10 usb 2-2: new full-speed USB device number 2 using at91_ohci usb 2-2: New USB device found, idVendor=2fe3, idProduct=0100 usb 2-2: New USB device strings: Mfr=1, Product=2, SerialNumber=3 usb 2-2: Product: Zephyr HID mouse sample usb 2-2: Manufacturer: ZEPHYR usb 2-2: SerialNumber: 0.01 input: ZEPHYR Zephyr HID mouse sample as /devices/soc0/ahb/600000.ohci/usb2/2-2/2-2:1.0/0003:2FE3:0100.0001/input/input0 hid-generic 0003:2FE3:0100.0001: input: USB HID v1.10 Mouse [ZEPHYR Zephyr HID mouse sample] on usb-at91-2/input0
You can also monitor mouse events by using the standard Linux
(see the Ubuntu evtest man page for more information about this tool):
sudo evtest /dev/input/event0 Input driver version is 1.0.1 Input device ID: bus 0x3 vendor 0x2fe3 product 0x100 version 0x110 Input device name: "ZEPHYR USB-DEV" Supported events: Event type 0 (EV_SYN) Event type 1 (EV_KEY) Event code 272 (BTN_LEFT) Event code 273 (BTN_RIGHT) Event code 274 (BTN_MIDDLE) Event type 2 (EV_REL) Event code 0 (REL_X) Event code 1 (REL_Y) Event code 8 (REL_WHEEL) Event type 4 (EV_MSC) Event code 4 (MSC_SCAN) Properties: Testing ... (interrupt to exit)
When you press the button on your board, it will act as if the left
mouse button was pressed, and this information will be displayed
Event: time 1167609663.618515, type 4 (EV_MSC), code 4 (MSC_SCAN), value 90001 Event: time 1167609663.618515, type 1 (EV_KEY), code 272 (BTN_LEFT), value 1 Event: time 1167609663.618515, -------------- SYN_REPORT ------------ Event: time 1167609663.730510, type 4 (EV_MSC), code 4 (MSC_SCAN), value 90001 Event: time 1167609663.730510, type 1 (EV_KEY), code 272 (BTN_LEFT), value 0 Event: time 1167609663.730510, -------------- SYN_REPORT ------------
If your board has more than one button, they will act as right mouse button, X-axis movement, and Y-axis movement.