This is the documentation for the latest (main) development branch of Zephyr. If you are looking for the documentation of previous releases, use the drop-down menu on the left and select the desired version.

USB HID mouse


This sample app demonstrates use of a USB Human Interface Device (HID) driver by the Zephyr project. This very simple driver enumerates a board with a button into a mouse that has a left mouse button and optionally (depending on the number of buttons on the board) a right mouse button, X-axis movement, and Y-axis movement. If the USB peripheral driver supports remote wakeup feature, wakeup request will be performed on every button click if the bus is in suspended state. This sample can be found under samples/subsys/usb/hid-mouse in the Zephyr project tree.


This project requires an USB device driver and uses the Input API. There must be a gpio-keys group of buttons or keys defined at the board level that can generate input events, otherwise the example will build but not work as expected.

The key mapping in the sample is as follows:

  • INPUT_KEY_0: left button

  • INPUT_KEY_1: right button

  • INPUT_KEY_2: move the mouse along the x-axis

  • INPUT_KEY_3: move the mouse along the y-axis

An LED must also be configured via the led0 devicetree alias. You may also see this error if you try to build this sample for an unsupported board:

Unsupported board: led0 devicetree alias is not defined

Building and Running

This sample can be built for multiple boards, in this example we will build it for the nucleo_f070rb board:

west build -b nucleo_f070rb samples/subsys/usb/hid-mouse

After you have built and flashed the sample app image to your board, plug the board into a host device, for example, a PC running Linux. The board will be detected as shown by the Linux dmesg command:

dmesg | tail -10
usb 2-2: new full-speed USB device number 2 using at91_ohci
usb 2-2: New USB device found, idVendor=2fe3, idProduct=0007, bcdDevice= 2.03
usb 2-2: New USB device strings: Mfr=1, Product=2, SerialNumber=3
usb 2-2: Product: Zephyr HID mouse sample
usb 2-2: Manufacturer: ZEPHYR
usb 2-2: SerialNumber: 86FE679A598AC47A
input: ZEPHYR Zephyr HID mouse sample as /devices/soc0/ahb/600000.ohci/usb2/2-2/2-2:1.0/0003:2FE3:0100.0001/input/input0
hid-generic 0003:2FE3:0100.0001: input: USB HID v1.10 Mouse [ZEPHYR Zephyr HID mouse sample] on usb-at91-2/input0

You can also monitor mouse events by using the standard Linux evtest command (see the Ubuntu evtest man page for more information about this tool):

sudo evtest /dev/input/event0
Input driver version is 1.0.1
Input device ID: bus 0x3 vendor 0x2fe3 product 0x7 version 0x110
Input device name: "ZEPHYR Zephyr HID mouse sample"
Supported events:
  Event type 0 (EV_SYN)
  Event type 1 (EV_KEY)
    Event code 272 (BTN_LEFT)
    Event code 273 (BTN_RIGHT)
    Event code 274 (BTN_MIDDLE)
  Event type 2 (EV_REL)
    Event code 0 (REL_X)
    Event code 1 (REL_Y)
    Event code 8 (REL_WHEEL)
  Event type 4 (EV_MSC)
    Event code 4 (MSC_SCAN)
Testing ... (interrupt to exit)

When you press the button on your board, it will act as if the left mouse button was pressed, and this information will be displayed by evtest:

Event: time 1167609663.618515, type 4 (EV_MSC), code 4 (MSC_SCAN), value 90001
Event: time 1167609663.618515, type 1 (EV_KEY), code 272 (BTN_LEFT), value 1
Event: time 1167609663.618515, -------------- SYN_REPORT ------------
Event: time 1167609663.730510, type 4 (EV_MSC), code 4 (MSC_SCAN), value 90001
Event: time 1167609663.730510, type 1 (EV_KEY), code 272 (BTN_LEFT), value 0
Event: time 1167609663.730510, -------------- SYN_REPORT ------------

If your board has more than one button, they will act as right mouse button, X-axis movement, and Y-axis movement.