Socket Echo Server

Overview

The sockets/echo sample application for Zephyr implements an IPv4 TCP echo server using a BSD Sockets compatible API. The purpose of this sample is to show how it’s possible to develop a sockets application portable to both POSIX and Zephyr. As such, it is kept minimal and supports only IPv4 and TCP.

The source code for this sample application can be found at: samples/net/sockets/echo.

Requirements

Building and Running

Build the Zephyr version of the sockets/echo application like this:

Using west:

west build -b <board_to_use> samples/net/sockets/echo

Using CMake and ninja:

cmake -B build -GNinja -DBOARD=<board_to_use> samples/net/sockets/echo
ninja -C build

board_to_use defaults to qemu_x86. In this case, you can run the application in QEMU using make run. If you used another BOARD, you will need to consult its documentation for application deployment instructions. You can read about Zephyr support for specific boards in the documentation at Supported Boards.

After the sample starts, it expects connections at 192.0.2.1, port 4242. The easiest way to connect is:

$ telnet 192.0.2.1 4242

After a connection is made, the application will echo back any line sent to it. The application implements a single-threaded server using blocking sockets, and thus can serve only one client connection at time. After the current client disconnects, the next connection can proceed.

Running application on POSIX Host

The same application source code can be built for a POSIX system, e.g. Linux. (Note: if you look at the source, you will see that the code is the same except the header files are different for Zephyr vs POSIX.)

To build for a host POSIX OS:

$ make -f Makefile.posix

To run:

$ ./socket_echo

To test:

$ telnet 127.0.0.1 4242

As can be seen, the behavior of the application is the same as the Zephyr version.

Running on cc3220sf_launchxl

See the note on Provisioning and Fast Connect in CC3220SF LaunchXL.

After having connected to an Access Point using the sample Wi-Fi shell, the IP address will be printed to the console upon running this echo application.

Proceed to test as above.