Socket Echo Server¶
The sockets/echo sample application for Zephyr implements an IPv4 TCP echo server using a BSD Sockets compatible API. The purpose of this sample is to show how it’s possible to develop a sockets application portable to both POSIX and Zephyr. As such, it is kept minimal and supports only IPv4 and TCP.
The source code for this sample application can be found at: samples/net/sockets/echo.
Building and Running¶
Build the Zephyr version of the sockets/echo application like this:
# On Linux/macOS cd $ZEPHYR_BASE/samples/net/sockets/echo mkdir build && cd build # On Windows cd %ZEPHYR_BASE%\samples\net\sockets\echo mkdir build & cd build cmake -GNinja -DBOARD=<board_to_use> .. ninja
board_to_use defaults to
qemu_x86. In this case, you can run the
application in QEMU using
make run. If you used another BOARD, you
will need to consult its documentation for application deployment
instructions. You can read about Zephyr support for specific boards in
the documentation at Supported Boards.
After the sample starts, it expects connections at 192.0.2.1, port 4242. The easiest way to connect is:
$ telnet 192.0.2.1 4242
After a connection is made, the application will echo back any line sent to it. The application implements a single-threaded server using blocking sockets, and thus can serve only one client connection at time. After the current client disconnects, the next connection can proceed.
Running application on POSIX Host¶
The same application source code can be built for a POSIX system, e.g. Linux. (Note: if you look at the source, you will see that the code is the same except the header files are different for Zephyr vs POSIX.)
To build for a host POSIX OS:
$ make -f Makefile.posix
$ telnet 127.0.0.1 4242
As can be seen, the behavior of the application is the same as the Zephyr version.