This is the documentation for the latest (master) development branch of Zephyr. If you are looking for the documentation of previous releases, use the drop-down menu on the left and select the desired version.

Socketpair Example

Overview

The sockets/socketpair sample application for Zephyr demonstrates a multi-threaded application communicating over pairs of unnamed, connected UNIX-domain sockets. The pairs of sockets are created with socketpair(2), as you might have guessed. Such sockets are compatible with the BSD Sockets API, and therefore the purpose of this sample is also to reinforce that it is possible to develop a sockets application portable to both POSIX and Zephyr.

The source code for this sample application can be found at: samples/net/sockets/socketpair.

Requirements

None

Building and Running

Build the Zephyr version of the sockets/echo application like this:

west build -b <board_to_use> samples/net/sockets/socketpair

After the sample starts, several clients thread are spawned and each client thread sends a fixed number of messages to the server (main). Each client sends a message (it’s name) to the server.

*** Booting Zephyr OS build v2.3.0-rc1-215-g0e36f9686836  ***
Alpha: socketpair: 3 <=> 4
Bravo: socketpair: 5 <=> 7
Charlie: socketpair: 8 <=> 9
Charlie closed fd 9
fd: 8: read 21 bytes
fd: 8: hung up
main: closed fd 8
joined Charlie
Alpha closed fd 4
fd: 3: read 15 bytes
fd: 3: hung up
main: closed fd 3
joined Alpha
Bravo closed fd 7
fd: 5: read 15 bytes
fd: 5: hung up
main: closed fd 5
joined Bravo
finished!

Running application on POSIX Host

The same application source code can be built for a POSIX system, e.g. Linux.

To build for a host POSIX OS:

$ make -f Makefile.posix

To run:

$ ./socketpair_example
Alpha: socketpair: 3 <=> 4
Bravo: socketpair: 5 <=> 6
Charlie: socketpair: 7 <=> 8
Alpha closed fd 4
fd: 3: read 15 bytes
fd: 3: hung up
main: closed fd 3
joined Alpha
fd: 5: read 15 bytes
fd: 5: hung up
Bravo closed fd 6
main: closed fd 5
joined Bravo
Charlie closed fd 8
fd: 7: read 21 bytes
fd: 7: hung up
main: closed fd 7
joined Charlie
finished!

As can be seen, the behavior of the application is approximately the same as the Zephyr version.