This is the documentation for the latest (main) development branch of Zephyr. If you are looking for the documentation of previous releases, use the drop-down menu on the left and select the desired version.

ST STM32H745I Discovery

Overview

The STM32H745I-DISCO Discovery kit is a complete demonstration and development platform for STMicroelectronics Arm® Cortex®‑M7 and Cortex®‑M4 core-based STM32H745XI microcontroller.

The full range of hardware features available on the board helps users enhance their application development by an evaluation of almost all peripherals (such as USB OTG FS, Ethernet 10/100Mb/s, eMMC, USART, SAI audio DAC stereo with audio jack input and output, MEMS digital microphone, SDRAM, Quad-SPI flash memory, and RGB interface LCD with capacitive multi-touch panel). ARDUINO® Uno V3 connectors provide easy connection to extension shields or daughterboards for specific applications.

STLINK-V3E is integrated into the board, as an embedded in-circuit debugger and programmer for the STM32 MCU and the USB Virtual COM port bridge

Key Features

  • Arm® Cortex® core-based microcontroller with 2 Mbytes of flash memory and 1 Mbyte of RAM, in a TFBGA240+25 package

  • 4.3” RGB interface LCD with touch panel connector

  • Ethernet compliant with IEEE-802.3-2002, and PoE

  • USB OTG FS

  • SAI audio codec

  • One ST-MEMS digital microphone

  • 2× 512-Mbit Quad-SPI NOR flash memory

  • 128-Mbit SDRAM

  • 4-Gbyte on-board eMMC

  • 1 user and reset push-button

  • Fanout daughterboard

  • 2× CAN FDs

  • Board connectors:

  • USB FS Micro-AB connectors

  • ST-LINK Micro-B USB connector

  • USB power Micro-B connector

  • Ethernet RJ45

  • Stereo headset jack including analog microphone input

  • Audio header for external speakers

  • Tag‑Connect™ (TAG) 10-pin footprint

  • Arm® Cortex® 10-pin 1.27 mm pitch debug connector over STDC14 footprint

  • ARDUINO® Uno V3 expansion connectors

  • STMod+

  • Flexible power-supply options:

  • STLINK-V3E USB connector, USB FS connector

  • 5 V delivered by RJ45 (Power over Ethernet)

  • 5 V delivered by ARDUINO® or external connector

  • USB charger

  • USB power

STM32H745I-DISCO

More information about the board can be found at the STM32H745I-DISCO website. More information about STM32H747XIH6 can be found here:

Supported Features

The current Zephyr stm32h745i_disco board configuration supports the following hardware features:

Interface

Controller

Driver/Component

NVIC

on-chip

nested vector interrupt controller

UART

on-chip

serial port

PINMUX

on-chip

pinmux

GPIO

on-chip

gpio

RTC

on-chip

counter

I2C

on-chip

i2c

PWM

on-chip

pwm

ETHERNET

on-chip

ethernet

SPI

on-chip

spi

QSPI NOR

on-chip

off-chip flash

FDCAN

on-chip

fdcan

FMC

on-chip

memc (SDRAM)

RTC

on-chip

rtc

Other hardware features are not yet supported on this Zephyr port.

The default configuration per core can be found in the defconfig files: boards/st/stm32h745i_disco/stm32h745i_disco_stm32h745xx_m7_defconfig` and boards/st/stm32h745i_disco/stm32h745i_disco_stm32h745xx_m4_defconfig

For more details please refer to STM32H745-Disco UM.

Default Zephyr Peripheral Mapping:

  • USART_3 TX/RX : PB10/PB11 (ST-Link Virtual Port Com)

  • USART_1 TX/RX : PB6/PB7 (Arduino Serial)

  • SPI_2 NSS/SCK/MISO/MOSI : PB4/PD3/PI2/PB15 (Arduino SPI)

  • I2C_4 SCL/SDA: PD12, PD13 (Arduino I2C)

  • USER_PB : PC13

  • LD1 : PI13

  • LD2 : PJ2

  • LD3 : PD3

System Clock

STM32H745I-DISCO System Clock could be driven by an internal or external oscillator, as well as the main PLL clock. By default, the System clock is driven by the PLL clock at 480MHz, driven by an 25MHz high-speed external clock.

Serial Port

STM32H745I-DISCO board has 4 UARTs and 4 USARTs. The Zephyr console output is assigned to UART3. Default settings are 115200 8N1.

Resources sharing

The dual core nature of STM32H745 SoC requires sharing HW resources between the two cores. This is done in 3 ways:

  • Compilation: Clock configuration is only accessible to M7 core. M4 core only has access to bus clock activation and deactivation.

  • Static pre-compilation assignment: Peripherals such as a UART are assigned in devicetree before compilation. The user must ensure peripherals are not assigned to both cores at the same time.

  • Run time protection: Interrupt-controller and GPIO configurations could be accessed by both cores at run time. Accesses are protected by a hardware semaphore to avoid potential concurrent access issues.

Programming and Debugging

Applications for the stm32h745i_disco board should be built per core target, using either stm32h745i_disco/stm32h745xx/m7 or stm32h745i_disco/stm32h745xx/m4 as the target (see Building an Application and Run an Application for more details).

Note

Check if the on-board ST-LINK V3 has the latest firmware version. It can be done with either STM32CubeIDE or STM32CubeProgrammer

Flashing

STM32H745I-DISCO board includes an ST-LINK/V3 embedded debug tool interface.

Flashing operation will depend on the target and the SoC option bytes configuration.

By default:

  • CPU0 (Cortex-M7) boot address is set to 0x80000000 (OB: BOOT_CM7_ADD0)

  • CPU1 (Cortex-M4) boot address is set to 0x81000000 (OB: BOOT_CM4_ADD0)

Also, the out of the box default board configuration enables CM7 and CM4 boot when board is powered (Option bytes BCM7 and BCM4 are checked). In that configuration, Kconfig boot option STM32H7_BOOT_CM4_CM7 should be selected. Zephyr flash configuration has been set to meet these default settings.

Alternatively, west STM32CubeProgrammer runner can be used, after installing it, to flash applications for both cores. The target core is detected automatically.

$ west flash --runner stm32cubeprogrammer

Flashing an application to STM32H745XI M7 Core

First, connect the STM32H745I-DISCO to your host computer using the USB port to prepare it for flashing. Then build and flash your application.

Here is an example for the Hello World application.

Run a serial host program to connect with your STM32H745I-DISCO board.

$ minicom -b 115200 -D /dev/ttyACM0

or use screen:

$ screen /dev/ttyACM0 115200

Build and flash the application:

# From the root of the zephyr repository
west build -b stm32h745i_disco/stm32h745xx/m7 samples/hello_world
west flash

You should see the following message on the console:

$ Hello World! stm32h745i_disco

Note

Sometimes, flashing does not work properly. It is necessary to erase the flash (with STM32CubeProgrammer for example) to make it work again.

Similarly, you can build and flash samples on the M4 target. For this, please take care of the resource sharing (UART port used for console for instance).

Here is an example for the Blinky application on M4 core.

# From the root of the zephyr repository
west build -b stm32h745i_disco/stm32h745xx/m7 samples/basic/blinky
west flash

Note

Flashing both M4 and M7 and pushing RESTART button on the board leads to LD1 and LD2 flashing simultaneously.

Debugging

You can debug an application in the usual way. Here is an example for the Hello World application.

# From the root of the zephyr repository
west build -b stm32h745i_disco/stm32h745xx/m7 samples/hello_world
west debug

Debugging with west is currently not available on Cortex M4 side. In order to debug a Zephyr application on Cortex M4 side, you can use STM32CubeIDE.